Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi
Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi is one of the major production units governed by the Indian Railways. In the year 1961, this production unit came into existence as a green field project in technical alliance with ALCO, USA to produce all the Diesel Electric Locomotives. The first locomotive was manufactured in the year 1964 and it was dedicated to the nation.
Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi manufactures only Diesel Electric locomotives and spare parts of locomotives. Though it is an Indian company but it has supplied locomotives to many other foreign countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Angola, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam and Tanzania.
As a flagship locomotive production unit of Indian Railways, Diesel Locomotive Works produces a wide range of products related to locomotive and its annual turnover is more than 1151 Crore. According to survey reports, it is revealed that, annually this production unit manufactures total 200 locomotives and several other related products.
With its cost-effective and eco-friendly solutions to the increasing demand for transportation, this production unit has gained great popularity across the nation and abroad.
The locomotive manufacturing process in diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi is divided into three major divisions, which include Engine division, Vehicle division and Block division. The component machining department of Engine division manufactures more than 2000 components that include lubricating oil pumps, cylinder heads, connecting rods, ALCO turbo superchargers, cam shafts, chrome plated cylinder liners and many other gears.
On the other hand, the Vehicle division of this production unit works on diverse fields like Component Fabrication, Under frame Fabrication, Locomotive Assembly, and Bogie Manufacturing.
Presently, Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi manufactures locomotives and DG sets. In locomotives, it manufactures two kinds of products, one is EMD and another is ALCO.
- EMD is broad gauge freight traffic Co-Co diesel electric locomotive. It is 16 cylinders 4000 HP engine along with microprocessor operated propulsion; AC-AC transmission.
- ALCO offers a wide selection of locomotives that include 1350 Hp Cape Gauge Locomotive, 2300 Hp Meter Gauge Locomotive, 2300 Hp Cape Gauge Locomotive, 3000 Hp Cape Gauge Locomotive, 1350 Hp Meter Gauge Locomotive, Broad Gauge Main Line Freight Locomotive, Broad Gauge Main Line Mixed Service Locomotive, and Broad Gauge Shunting Locomotive.
There are several esteemed customers of DG Sets of Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi, which are Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited, Railway establishments and Heavy Industries.