Indian States and Union Territories
While discussing certain facts about India it is necessary to mention about the Indian states and the union territories which stands as an integral and inseparable parts of the country called India.
To start with there are 28 Indian states, six union territories and a National Capital territory. The 28 states have their own government and the union territories are under the rule of the central government of India. Each state is further sub divided into districts and further the districts are divided into tehsils and villages.
Each state has its own administrative, judicial and legislative capital city or town. The place from where the executive government operates is called the administrative capital, the city where the legislative assembly stands is called the Legislative capital of the state and the city where the territorial high court of the state is situated is called the judicial capital of the state
With a difference, Pondicherry though a union territory it has a government of its own. The national capital of India, Delhi still stands different from the rest as it is categorized as a special region which is neither a state nor a union territory and has an elected government of its own
The 28 states of India are as follows:
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Jammu and Kashmir
- Madhya Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
The 6 union territories of India are as follows:
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli
- Daman and Diu
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
National Capital Territory of Delhi
The Constitution of India is set in a way where there is an unbiased distribution of legislative powers between the state legislatures and the Parliament. The boundaries of Indian states were reorganized as per the States Reorganization Act of 1956. The states were roughly divided on linguistic lines and as per the opportunity of amendment in the Indian Constitution, the primarily segmented three types of states were joined into a single type of state. Several changes in the state boundaries have occurred since the Independence of India in the year 1947. Recently, in November 2000, three new states were introduced, which were cut out from Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and the new states were respectively known as, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal. While discussing facts about India, the Indian states and the union territories needs a special mention.