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Indian Fundamental Rights and Duties

An Introduction to Indian Fundamental Rights and Duties

In order to govern the nation, the Republic of India has laid down a few laws in the constitution. According to the constitution, every citizen has certain rights, known as the Fundamental Rights of a citizen, and the constitution guarantees every citizen of those. According to the Indian Fundamental Rights, every people are entitled to live freely and happily in a democratic set up. The Indian Fundamental Rights are to give citizens the true freedom to live, and to life a good life without the influence of any other individual. Citizens also require to perform some fundamental duties which are required to build a strong nation.

The Fundamental Rights

The Fundamental Rights of India are the natural rights of every citizen that can be described as below:

  • The Right to Equality
  • Right to Freedom
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to Freedom of Religion
  • Cultural and Educational Rights
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies

The Fundamental Duties

As there are some fundamental rights that protect and individual and helps him/her to live freely, similarly there are also some fundamental duties that a citizen requires to perform in order to help his/her country to grow and prosper. According to the 42nd Amendment, 1976, a set of ten Fundamental Duties of citizens was included in Indian constitution. Those can be described as below:

  • To abide by the Constitution and respect the ideals and Institutions
  • To respect the National Flag and the National Anthem
  • To realize and follow the essential ideals of secularism, democracy and non-violence
  • To preserve the culture and heritage
  • To protect the Sovereignty, Unity and Integrity of the nation
  • To safeguard the public property
  • To defend the country even at the cost of our life
  • To protect natural resources
  • To avoid Dowry, Gambling, and other Social evils
  • To strive towards excellence in the respective spheres of activities of the individuals.

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