Union Territories

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The first Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly was formed in the Old Hyderabad State, on 1st March 1952. The state was trifurcated and members from Telangana, Karnataka and Marathwada regions joined the legislature on 1st November 1956. The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly maintained its unicameral status from 1956 to 1958, until when it was declared bicameral in 1958 and continued to be so till 1st June 1985. It was at this time the Legislative Council was abolished and the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly regained its unicameral status.

Presently the Andhra Pradesh Legislature houses 295 members, out of which one member is a representative of the Anglo-Indian Community. Till 1985, the Town Hall was the Assembly Hall, until the new Assembly Hall was inaugurated on 3rd August 1985. Now, the old Assembly Hall is the Central Hall of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Committees are comprised of several bodies. The several committees of the assembly are Business Advisory, Public Undertakings, Privileges, Subordinate Legislation, Government Assurances, Rules, Welfare of Minorities, Welfare of Women & Children, and Wild Life and Environment Protection to name a few. There are house committees on ‘Sarva Sikshna Abhiyan Programme and District Primary Education Programme’ and on ‘IIIegal Occupation of Christian Missionaries and Educational Institutions’.

Sri Narayan Dutt Tiwari is the governor of Andhra Pradesh. The Chief Minister of the state is Dr. Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy, better known as YSR. He has made a mark in state politics with his exemplary devotion to politics and state’s welfare. Keithreddi Suresh Reddy is the Hon’ble Speaker of the 12th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The leader of opposition in the assembly is Mr. N. Chandrababu Naidu. He was elected in the assembly in the year 1978 from the Chandragiri constituency of Chittoor district. He was reelected from Kuppam constituency in 1989 and 1994.

The Andhra Pradesh Assembly summoned the House five times in its 12th term. In session I, the assembly sat for 28 days, whereas in the second session it sat for 9 days and for 31 days in the third. The fourth and fifth session continued for 7 days and 13 days respectively. Like any other assembly in the country, the interactive sessions at Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly are held by asking questions, getting them answered, making speeches and passing bills.

The party position seems to be quite strong in the 12th term as 7 out of 8 Bills were passed by the assembly in its first session. 5 bills out of 7 were passed in the second session, 14 bills were passed in the third session and 18 in the fifth session. One bill was withdrawn in the fifth session. Indian National Congress enjoyed a favorable position throughout the term though the possibility of other parties coming to power cannot really be wiped out in the upcoming assembly election.

The last Assembly Election in Andhra Pradesh was held in the year 2004. INC got a clean win with 186 seats. INC was followed by TDP with 45 seats, TRS with 26 seats and other parties with 37 seats altogether. The date for the Andhra Pradesh by-elections is May 29th as it has been announced by the Election Commission. There are 4 vacancies in the Lok Sabha and 18 in the assembly. With the by-elections round the corner, the political parties are all geared up for the referendum on the Telangana region as a separate state. The mass resignations especially by the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) triggered the by-polls and the parties are getting ready for the elections scheduled in the next year.

4 members of the Lok Sabha and 16 legislators of the Telangana Rashtra Samiti resigned last month. This was to mark a protest against the delay in declaring statehood to Telangana by the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA). Their allegations were against the Congress. Congress has been accused of betraying the people living in the Telangana region. All the allegations were in reference to the 2004 poll promise. The en masse resignation moved the case to the "people's court". The death of the Congress and Telugu Desam Party (TDP) legislators has left vacancy for 2 seats to be occupied with the by-poll elections.

The Congress which is ruling presently is hoped to face tough competition as both the TRS and the Communist Party of India-Marxist are ready to prove the flaws of the ruling party. The competition is tougher, more so because Congress had an electoral alliance with the parties in 2004. The TRS chief – KCR is hoping a repeat of last year's result in the Karimnagar Lok Sabha elections. However, TRS experienced a major setback in 2006 when 10 of its legislators revolted against its chief.

By-polls are equally important for the TDP – the most prominent opposition party. The chief, N. Chandrababu Naidu, has involved actor sons and grandsons of N.T. Rama Rao, the founder of the party, to regain power. The TDP has formed a committee to take up the Telangana issue seriously. The Congress which is showing least interest in the Telangana issue is hoping to gain votes through the "good work" it believes to have shown in the last 4 years. The issue has been handed over for a final decision, to the party president Sonia Gandhi. The party will seek votes on the development plank. With the 2004 Andhra Pradesh Elections proving disastrous for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the party is gearing up to contest fresh in the elections, promising a separate Telangana. BJP managed to get only two seats in the last assembly election.